Copies of the Consultation Protocol and the Minago Project Environmental Impact Statement Review by the Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources are available upon request to members only.

Helpful Definitions

Glossary of Terms contained within the Consultation Protocol

Accommodation Measure

A means by which to address potential adverse effects of the mine development on the exercise of Aboriginal or Treaty rights of NHCN or its members that are identified during the consultation process by attempting to substantially address, minimize or resolve the potential adverse effect(s) and concerns about potential adverse effects identified in the consultation process.

Adverse Effect

It is a direct or indirect unfavourable consequence of an action; a resulting negative impact.

Consultation Area

The Norway House Resource Management Area as defined in the Northern Flood Agreement Master Implementation Agreement among Norway House Cree Nation, Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, Her Majesty the Queen in right of Manitoba and Manitoba Hydro, dated December 31, 1997 located in Treaty 5 territory.

Traditional Scientific Knowledge

It is a cumulative body of knowledge held by aboriginal peoples about the relationships between living beings and their environment based upon spiritual beliefs, customary laws, principles, conventions and social attitudes that maintain cultural continuity through forms of practice and behavior transmitted through oral tradition since time immemorial.

Western Scientific Knowledge

Scientific knowledge developed by systematic study using the scientific method and organized by general principles.

Mining Definitions



A water-bearing bed of porous rock, often sandstone.


Backfill is the material used to fill voids created by mining excavation.


Mineral deposit or ore deposit is used to designate a natural occurrence of a useful mineral, or an ore, in sufficient extent and degree of concentration to invite exploitation.


The process of removing surplus ground or surface water either by artificial means or by gravity flow.


Liquid discharged as waste. This liquid waste can take the form of tailings impoundment effluent, mine water, mill process water, smelter effluent, treatment pond or treatment facility effluent, seepage or surface drainage from a mining site.


The process of mining and removal of ore from a mine.


Extraction of solid earth material from the ground for mineral mining.


Any material that is put back in place of the extracted ore to provide ground support.


The use of chemical solutions to dissolve minerals from an ore deposit.

Mine development

The term employed to designate the operations involved in preparing a mine for ore extraction.


A substance which may, or may not, be of economic value, that occurs naturally in the earth. It is homogenous, has certain chemical makeup and usually appears in crystal or grain form.

Open Pit Mining

A form of operation designed to extract minerals that lie near the surface. Waste, or overburden is first removed and the mineral is broken and loaded.


Ore is a mixture of minerals, from which one or more metals may be extracted.


All the materials that are located above the desired ore deposit, ie. Soil or vegetation such as trees, plants, and rock.

Pits and Quarries

Generally the depression left on the earth's surface from which aggregates have been taken out.


The restoration of land and environment after a mine is completed. The process includes restoring the land to its approximate original appearance by restoring topsoil and planting native grasses and ground covers.


The proportion or percentage of ore mined from the original seam or deposit.


A plant in which metal or valuable mineral is extracted from an ore or concentrate. Usually such a plant would be described as an extraction plant or chemical treatment plant. By comparison, refining is the purification of crude metallic products that produce a nearly pure metal product.


Tailings are a ground rock waste product that remains after the desired minerals have been removed from the ore. The most reliable way to prevent Acid Mine Drainage with tailings is to submerge the tailings under water so that they do not come into contact with oxygen. However, this must be done forever.

Tailings Pond

A place for storing tailings resulting from ore processing.

Waste Rock

Rock containing no ore but removed in the course of mining operations. Waste rock can be stored for further processing; the stored rock is called stockpile.